research paper Vineeth thomasWe are pleased to announce the publication of an insightful article titled “From Incumbency to Dominance: BJP’s Electoral Prowess in Madhya Pradesh,” in the prestigious ABDC-B journal, Economic and Political Weekly (EPW). This article, authored by Dr Vineeth Thomas, Assistant Professor in the Easwari School of Liberal Arts provides a comprehensive analysis of the BJP’s journey from being an incumbent party to establishing dominance in the state’s political landscape.

Dr Thomas examines the factors that have contributed to the BJP’s electoral success in Madhya Pradesh, including the party’s organisational strength, leadership, and strategic alliances. The article also delves into the impact of various government policies and initiatives on the BJP’s electoral performance in the state.

Dr Thomas’s expertise in political analysis and his meticulous approach to the subject matter make this article a significant contribution to the scholarly discourse on Indian politics, particularly within the context of Madhya Pradesh. This research also enriches our understanding of contemporary political landscapes and aligns with our commitment to academic excellence.

Congratulations to Dr Vineeth Thomas for this impactful contribution to political scholarship!


In the 2023 Madhya Pradesh Assembly election, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged victorious with a landslide majority. This electoral triumph, characterised by a significant mandate for the BJP, has undoubtedly reshaped the political dynamics of Madhya Pradesh. The landslide victory underscores the party’s stronghold in the region and signals a decisive mandate for the BJP to govern the state for the designated term. In this context, this article analyses various strategic factors that cleared the BJP’s path from incumbency to dominance in Madhya Pradesh.

Explanation of Research in Layperson’s Terms

In the dynamic landscape of Indian politics, Madhya Pradesh stands as a crucible of electoral battles, where the ebb and flow of political tides have shaped the destiny of the state. At the heart of this electoral competition lies the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), an entity that has not only weathered the storm of time but has also evolved from being a political contender to establishing unwavering dominance in Madhya Pradesh.

The 2023 Madhya Pradesh Assembly election results revealed a clear mandate in favour of the BJP, securing an impressive 164 out of the total 230 seats. The overwhelming success is underscored by its triumph across different regions of the state. This comprehensive victory is particularly pronounced in the Malwa-Nimar region, which holds significant tribal populations. In this crucial area with 66 seats, the BJP secured a dominant 45 seats, leaving the Congress trailing with 20 seats, while the Bahujan Adhikar Party (BAP) clinched a lone seat. The BJP’s prowess is further evident in the Bundelkhand region, where it nearly swept the electoral landscape, securing 21 out of 26 seats, while the Congress was left with just five. Similarly, in the Vindhya region, the BJP emerged victorious in 25 out of 30 seats, leaving the Congress with a mere five. This regional dominance is a testament to the party’s strategic appeal and resonant policies. The saffron wave extended to Madhya Bharat, where the BJP outshone the Congress by winning a staggering 33 out of 36 seats (Malpani,2023). This substantial margin of victory indicates not only the party’s organisational strength but also its ability to connect with the electorate on a regional level.

So, how did the BJP complete the journey from a party in power to a political behemoth that has left an indelible mark on the state’s political canvas? A close examination in this regard unravels the fact that it is the conglomeration of clearly designed multiple tactics which gave the BJP a winning formula in the 2023 Madhya Pradesh assembly elections

Title of the Research Paper in Citation Format

Saravanan, Vineeth & Avunii, From incumbency to dominance. (2024, January 5). Economic and Political Weekly.

Practical Implementation/ Social Implications of the Research

Policy makers and politicians can make prudent decision about one nation one election


Electoral Politics, ethics, commonwealth

Future research plans

Indian govt and politics

Link to the article


With the advent of the climate crisis, the use of the latest scientific technologies to develop methods for sustainable energy usage is pivotal. Dr Karthik Rajendran, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, his PhD scholar Mr Prabakaran G & UG Student Mr Nalluri Rishi Chaitanya Sri Prasad have filed and published a patent titled “A System and a Method for Building a Forecasting Model for Biogas Production” with Application No.: 202341074196, on their radical invention of predicting future biogas production using advanced Machine Learning techniques.


The anaerobic digestion (AD) process poses challenges in maintaining process stability and time series-based prediction and forecasting due to the intricate nature of the system. Process instability is a consequence of the unpredictability in the raw material received at the facility, as well as temperature fluctuations and pH changes resulting from microbiological processes. Consequently, it is necessary to implement constant monitoring and control measures for higher biogas production. The challenges associated with anaerobic digestion (AD) systems can be effectively addressed through the integration of advanced machine learning (ML) algorithms and industry 4.0 systems within biogas facilities. This integration holds the potential to enhance system efficiency and enable on-site control capabilities. Machine learning (ML) based solutions have the potential to enhance process performance in AD facilities, leading to improved system operation and maintenance. The present study focuses on advanced ML techniques, specifically time series algorithms (ARIMA and SARIMAX), which have been employed to forecast daily biogas production. These algorithms are trained to discern critical process parameters and forecast daily biogas production rates, measured in Liters. For forecasting, 117 days of experimental data were used and ARIMA was identified as the best algorithm to forecast the daily production. This algorithm excelled not only in predicting biogas production but also in forecasting yield, resulting in a Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 3.26. Furthermore, a comparison between the forecasted values of both ARIMA and SARIMAX was conducted. The predictive ARIMA model underwent statistical validation with unknown data, resulting in a P-value is >0.05.


Explanation of the Research in Layperson’s Terms

This paper focuses on predicting future biogas production using advanced mathematical methods. The researchers used data collected over 117 days of biogas experiments, divided into three periods. They kept track of important factors like methane production, consumed volatile solids, methane percentage in biogas, and initial and final pH levels. To make the predictions more accurate, the researchers addressed missing data and fine-tuned certain parameters using a process called hyperparameter tuning. They wanted to find the best settings for the mathematical models they used, which are called ARIMA and SARIMAX. These models consider patterns and relationships in the data to make predictions. The researchers checked their models’ using measures like AIC and BIC values and examined certain plots to ensure they were getting good results. After applying the models to the data, they were able to predict future biogas production. The accuracy of their predictions was assessed using a metric called RMSE, and they found values of 3.26 for ARIMA and 24.02 for SARIMAX. In simpler terms, these values help us understand how close their predictions were to the actual values. The researchers also did some statistical analysis, and the results showed that both methods (ARIMA and SARIMAX) were equally good at predicting biogas production. Therefore, they concluded that these mathematical models are reliable tools for forecasting biogas production in the future.


Practical Implementation/ Social Implications of the Research

The integration of advanced machine learning (ML) algorithms and Industry 4.0 systems within anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities holds significant promise in addressing the challenges associated with process instability and unpredictability in biogas production. The utilization of ML techniques, particularly time series algorithms like ARIMA (AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average) and SARIMAX (Seasonal AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average with eXogenous factors), to forecast daily biogas production presents a practical solution to enhance system efficiency and control.

  • Real-time Decision Making
  • Reduced Operational Costs


The rate of inflation has been termed to be directly proportionate to economic activity, with the increase in economic activity leading to higher levels of inflation. Central Banks have used this relationship to formulate interest rates and understand the inflation–unemployment dynamics in many countries. Dr Adviti Devaguptapu, Assistant Professor from the Department of Economics, has published an interesting study in her paper titled “Phillips Curve in Canada: A Tale of Import Tariff and Global Value Chain”, where she examines the relationship between inflation-economic activity in Canada to better understand the correlation between inflation and unemployment rates.


The paper examines the Phillips curve for Canada from June 1976 to October 2022 in a time-varying manner. The findings reveal that the impulse response of inflation to the changes in the unemployment rate gap has reduced over time till 2010 and strengthened thereafter. The response of inflation to the changes in the unemployment rate gap has increased in short and medium horizons after 2010. On further examination, it is found that the changes in both average import tariff and forward participation in the global value chain have reduced the inflation response to the changes in the unemployment rate gap.

Social Implications of the Research

Inflation-targeting central banks should have to put more (less) effort into achieving price stability in the medium run when the change in the level of inflation to the changes in the unemployment rate gap is more (less).

Dr Adviti’s research works towards developing quality-adjusted inflation in India – the need for it and the challenges in recording it.


Link to the article

The Department of Environmental Science and Engineering is thrilled to share the exciting news regarding its upcoming 1st International Conference on Advances in Environmental Sustainability, Energy, and Earth Science (AESEE 2024). The Department of Water Resources, River Development, & Ganga Rejuvenation (DoWR, RD & GR), the Ministry of Jal Shakti, have generously sanctioned Rs. 5 lakhs to support this groundbreaking event.

The International Conference scheduled to take place from March 14 – 16, 2024 aims to explore innovative advancements in science and technology while promoting inclusive growth across various sectors. This collaborative approach between environmentalists and the academic community will ensure a sustainable future.

The financial grant sanctioned in this regard underscores the importance of AESEE 2024 and highlights the commitment of the Department to advancing knowledge in the field. AESEE 2024 promises to facilitate meaningful discussions, bringing together diverse stakeholders to contribute to a more sustainable and interconnected future.

In a dedicated effort towards community welfare, the NSS Cell of SRM University-AP orchestrated a transformative awareness session on Menstrual Hygiene for rural women. Delivered by our esteemed University Counsellors, the session aimed to empower and educate women from nearby villages on essential menstrual hygiene practices.

The engaging session delved into addressing the challenges faced by these women and dispelling myths surrounding menstruation. Harnessing the power of videos and captivating story narrations, the University Counsellors brought forth crucial information to raise awareness about this natural biological process.

Despite menstruation being a universal phenomenon, many rural women grapple with inadequate knowledge and resources, resulting in health complications, social stigma, and daily life limitations. The NSS Cell’s initiative sought to bridge this knowledge gap and provide practical insights.

Despite menstruation being a universal phenomenon, many rural women grapple with inadequate knowledge and resources, resulting in health complications, social stigma, and daily life limitations. The NSS Cell’s initiative sought to bridge this knowledge gap and provide practical insights.Through impactful story narrations, the session aimed to instill a sense of empowerment and confidence among the women, enabling them to manage menstruation with dignity. The Counsellors addressed prevalent myths surrounding menstruation, fostering an environment of openness, and understanding to eliminate social stigmas. Utilizing the visual medium, informative videos were showcased to provide a comprehensive understanding of menstrual hygiene practices. The overarching goal of this initiative was to ensure that every woman, irrespective of her background, gains access to vital information and resources for a healthier, stigma-free life.

SRM University-AP remains committed to its role as a catalyst for positive change, uplifting communities, and fostering holistic well-being.

Dr Sabyasachi Mukhopadhyay, Associate Professor in the Department of Physics at SRM University-AP recently published a paper, titled “Polarity-Induced Morphological Transformation with Tunable Optical Output of Terpyridine–Phenanthro[9,10-d] imidazole-Based Ligand and Its Zn(II) Complexes with I–V Characteristics,” in the prestigious journal “ACS Omega.” Notably, “ACS Omega” is a Q1 journal with an impact factor of 4.1. This groundbreaking work delves into the polarity-induced morphological transformations and tunable optical outputs of Terpyridine–Phenanthro[9,10-d] imidazole-based ligands and their Zn(II) complexes. The study also explores their I–V characteristics, contributing valuable insights to the realms of materials science and chemistry.


Self-assembled nanostructures obtained from various functional π-conjugated organic molecules have been able to draw substantial interest due to their inherent optical properties, which are imperative for developing optoelectronic devices, multiple-color-emitting devices with color-tunable displays, and optical sensors. These π-conjugated molecules have proven their potential employment in various organic electronic applications. Therefore, the stimuli-responsive fabrication of these π-conjugated systems into a well-ordered assembly is extremely crucial to tuning their inherent optical properties for improved performance in organic electronic applications.

To this end, herein, we have designed and synthesized a functional π-conjugated molecule (TP) having phenanthrol [9,10-d] imidazole with terpyridine substitution at the 2 position and its corresponding metal complexes (TPZn and (TP)2Zn). By varying the polarity of the self-assembly medium, TP, TPZn, and (TP)2Zn are fabricated into well-ordered superstructures with morphological individualities. However, this medium polarity-induced self-assembly can tune the inherent optical properties of TP, TPZn, and (TP)2Zn and generate multiple fluorescence colors.

Particularly, this property makes them useful for organic electronic applications, which require adjustable luminescence output. More importantly, in a 10% aqueous-THF medium, TPZn exhibited H-type aggregation-induced white light emission and behaved as a single-component white light emitter. The experimentally obtained results of the solvent polarity-induced variation in optical properties as well as self-assembly patterns were further confirmed by theoretical investigation using density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, we investigated the I− V characteristics, both vertical and horizontal, using ITO and glass surfaces coated with TP, TPZn, and (TP)2Zn, respectively, and displayed maximum current density for the TPZn-coated surface with the order of measured current density TPZn > TP > (TP)2Zn.

This observed order of current density measurements was also supported by a direct band gap calculation associated with the frontier molecular orbitals using the Tauc plot. Hence, solvent polarity-induced self-assembly behavior with adjustable luminescence output and superior I−V characteristics of TPZn make it an exceptional candidate for organic electronic applications and electronic device fabrication.

Research Explanation

Our investigation is based on the electron transport characteristics of molecules (voltage vs. current), which allows us to ascertain the molecule’s conductive capacities. The Janis probe station, which has four gold tips total is the primary instrument utilized in this investigation. To investigate the properties of electron transport, two gold tips were used: one in contact with an aluminum electrode and the other with an ITO surface. The current measurements for a given voltage of given molecules have been studied using a source measuring unit.


  • Our research study can be applicable to predict the good electron and hole transport layers for the Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) application.
  • Organic field effect transistor (OFET) applications.


Dr. Priyadip Das, Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry,SRMIST

Article Link

Pictures related to research

FDP Centre for Consumer Research in India, under the aegis of Paari School of Business, recently organised a dynamic and contemporary five-day Faculty Development Program. This innovative program delved into cutting-edge topics, showcasing the forefront of consumer research.

The hybrid-mode FDP witnessed enthusiastic participation from all PhD students and faculty members of PSB, fostering a vibrant environment of knowledge exchange. What added to the richness of this academic endeavor was the inclusion of 20 participants from various other prestigious B-schools.

Distinguished anchors for the FDP included luminaries in the field like Prof. Raj Sethuraman from Cox School of Business, Southern Methodist University; Prof. Ramkumar Janakiraman from Darla Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina; Prof. Piyush Sharma from the School of Management and Marketing, Curtin University, Australia; Prof. Tak Yan Leung, Associate Professor, School of Business and Creative Industries, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia; Prof. Bharadhwaj Sivakumaran, Dean, Paari School of Business.

Speakers talked about new technologies in omni channel retail and big data in retailing, empirical models in Marketing. Then, Professors Piyush Sharma and Tak Yan Leung gave individual and personalized feedback to all participants on their research. Finally, Prof. Bharadhwaj Sivakumaran gave tips on how to publish papers on systematic literature reviews. All in all, it was a dream come true for participants; they soaked in a rich treasure trove of information from a globally acclaimed panel.

This collaborative initiative aimed to explore the evolving landscape of consumer research, bridging academic insights with real-world applications. The FDP not only enhanced the knowledge base of participants but also fostered a global network of scholars dedicated to advancing consumer research in India and beyond.


Dr Karthik Rajendran, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Science & Engineering has been conferred with the Young Scientist Award from the Biotechnology Society of India. The award was received by Dr Karthik Rajendran from Padmashree Prof. GD Yadav (ICT Mumbai).

This prestigious award is given to scientists less than 35 years old for their work carried out in India. This is a testament to the work he has been doing at SRM University-AP for the last 4.5 years. The Jury of the award committee consisted of twenty-three experts across India and the Globe.

In the last 20 years of its inception, only once before such an award was given to any private institution.


MSc Students from the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering had a delightful opportunity to participate in the Workshop on “Sustainable Wastewater Management: The Role of Advanced Treatment and Sensing Technologies” organised by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati on December 01 and 02, 2023. The students got to learn about novel technologies available for wastewater treatment and also visited three wastewater treatment plants at IIT Tirupati that showcased wastewater recycling technologies. Fruitful discussions with both academicians and industrial experts on current challenges in wastewater management and innovations and opportunities in the water sector were the highlights of the workshop.

A proud moment for SRM University-AP as Dr Karthik Rajendran, Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, receives the prestigious Hiyoshi Young Leaf Award.

The Hiyoshi Young Leaf Award recognises novel, innovative, and outstanding scientific research and application in the field of environmental conservation and protection in India. Dr Rajendran’s dedication to research, innovative approaches, and impact on the academic community have earned him this esteemed accolade.

“We extend our heartfelt congratulations to Dr Karthik Rajendran for this well-deserved recognition,” said Prof. Manoj K Arora, Vice Chancellor, SRM University-AP. “His exemplary work reflects the varsity’s commitment to fostering excellence in the field of Environmental Science and Engineering.”

“It is a great honour to be receiving the Hyoshi Young Leaf Award, it motivates me further to work harder and with greater passion, I would like to thank Hiyoshi Corporation for presenting me with this award,” said Dr Karthik Rajendran.

Dr Rajendran has received several awards in the past for his remarkable contributions to the field of environmental science and engineering. He has been recognised as one of the top 2% of scientists by Stanford University and has also been honoured with the Young Scientist Award among others. Apart from his research, Dr Rajendran is also dedicated to educating the next generation of environmental scientists and engineers, thereby playing a crucial role in shaping future leaders in the field.

SRM University-AP celebrates this milestone in Dr Rajendran’s career and looks forward to continued excellence in his contributions to environmental science.