As your final BE semester rolls around, Indian and multinational corporations start visiting your campus for recruitments. Or you may be in the middle of admissions to a business school. In either case, you are likely to face a group discussion or a GD round as part of the selection process.

So, what exactly happens in GD rounds and why are they so important?

In a typical GD round, candidates are divided into groups of 8 to 10 members. Each group of candidates is assigned a topic or a situation, allotted time to brainstorm, and then asked to discuss the topic among themselves for 15-45 minutes. A panel of judges tests each group. Every individual’s ability is evaluated by how they articulate their point of view and communicate it effectively with group members. So, what can your performance in a GD tell an evaluator about you? Quite a bit actually. Organizations rely on GDs as a screening tool because working and communicating seamlessly in a team is one of the biggest markers of your success as a manager. Not only that, but GD rounds also evaluate candidates for awareness, the ability to lead and listen, and the ability to conceptualize. While all this may seem a bit daunting, remember there is no reason to get intimidated by a GD. Preparing yourself in advance for a GD round is half the battle won.


7 Best Jobs in Civil Engineering

Gone are the days when you thought civil engineering offered just one kind of job; today, you can have many exciting career paths after civil engineering! From traditional roles in construction to opportunities in nuclear plants, civil engineering jobs in India are more varied than ever before. Apart from going for higher studies, here are the top 7 jobs you can take up right after a civil engineering bachelor’s degree:

  1. PSU Jobs for Civil Engineer
    Civil engineers are always high in demand in public-sector undertakings, such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and NPCIL (Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited). To apply for a PSU job, you need to take the competitive Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). If you score well, then you will be termed eligible in any of the PSUs. Apart from job security, you also get an attractive starting salary of Rs. 24,900 – Rs. 50,500
  2. Government Jobs for Civil Engineer
    Ever since the 6th and 7th Pay Commission revisions have rolled in, civil engineering salaries in India, especially, the government sector pay better than ever. Through the GATE, you can apply for a civil engineering job at government bodies, such as Railways and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Starting salaries for assistant engineers range from Rs 20,00 to Rs 50,000, depending on your GATE score.
  3. Nuclear Plant Engineer
    It may surprise you, but government-run nuclear energy plants also hire civil engineers to design and maintain power station, reactors and more. Since the safe use of nuclear energy is such an emerging field, a career as a nuclear plant engineer with bodies such as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is a great alternative career for civil engineers. GATE required. Salary range: Rs 20,000 to Rs 50,000


What to do after a BTech in electrical engineering?

If you grew up fascinated by Nikolas Tesla and Thomas Edison and draw up blueprints of energy-saving toasters and talking TVs for fun, a bachelors in electrical engineering may be the right career choice for you. But clichés aside, did you know electrical engineers work in almost every industry you can think of, from GPS technologies to the army to robotics to filmmaking? Basically, any industry which uses electricity-powered devices and technology relies on electrical engineers. What’s more, electric engineering (EE) is one of the traditional branches of engineering, which is endlessly adaptable to fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Given the incredibly diverse types of electrical engineering careers, a BTech/ BE in this field can be extremely rewarding. But before we look at potential job opportunities in the electrical engineering field, let’s ask some basic, but important, questions:

What does an electrical engineer do?

An electrical engineer designs, creates, tests, and maintains electrical equipment. This equipment can range from simple circuits in automobiles to electric prosthetic limbs to parts of spaceships and satellites!


10 career options after BCom


Bachelors in commerce is a greatly sought out-degree, particularly for those who want to pursue a career in the corporate sector. However, many people think the only way you can get there is with an MBA following your bachelor’s degree. Right? Well, no. We’re happy to tell you that you can pursue courses other than an MBA after your B. Com and even join the workforce immediately. Plus, you have many choices as well to study and work outside the corporate world. After a B. Com from a good college, such as Sri Ram College of Commerce, Delhi; Fergusson College, Pune; or SRM University in Amravati, Andhra Pradesh, you can pursue careers in government, public sector banks, education, law, research, communication and more. Here’s a comprehensive list of career options, including diploma courses after B. Com and job-oriented courses after B. Com:

What are my options for further study?

Professional courses after B. Com


An MBA from a premier institute is an evergreen option to build your career. You will be required to take the CAT for the IIMs and other entrance exams for institutes like XLRI, Jamshedpur and Indian School of Business, Hyderabad. In an MBA, you can specialize in options such as finance, marketing, human resources, foreign trade, and more. Choose a specialization allied with your strengths to get the most out of your MBA degree.

Where: The IIMs; XLRI; ISB; FMS, University of Delhi; Symbiosis, Pune

Which jobs: Depending on your specialization, you can work as a manager in various departments of Indian and multinational companies. Statistics show companies like American Express bank, tech giants like Google and Intel technologies, and consulting firms like KPMG and Deloitte are some of the top hirers of fresh MBAs. Indian businesses like Aditya Birla Group, Airtel, Reliance Industries also hire fresh MBAs on campus and outside. 

Monthly salary: Graduates from tier-1 colleges like IIM Ahmedabad and ISB can expect a monthly average salary of Rs 1,25,000. 

Accountancy and finance certification courses

Love crunching numbers? You can opt for exams like Chartered Accountancy (CA), conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants; Company Secretary (CS) conducted by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India, and Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) program offered globally by the US-based CFA Institute. The International Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and Certified Management Accountant (CMA) are two other lucrative certifications you can consider. Although qualifying all stages of these prestigious courses, especially the CA and CS exams, is challenging, their rewards are well worth the hard work. Another advantage is, you can start many of these certification courses as additional courses with your B. Com since their entrance requirement is that you have passed your Class XII exam. 

Which jobs: After qualifying the CA and CS exams, you have to apprentice with chartered accountancy or company secretary firm for a few years. Post this, you can work as a CA or CS, respectively, or a risk manager, corporate accountant, investment manager, and more for any Indian or multinational firm. CFA and CMA also require training. The advantage with a CPA certification from the USA is that it can be completed within 12 months.  

Monthly salary: According to a survey conducted by The Hindu, starting monthly salaries for CAs range from Rs 65,000 to Rs 2,00,000. For those working as a CS with a firm, monthly salaries start from Rs 28,000-40,000, but there’s a steep upwards curve with experience. After the CPA course, or CFA OR CMA, you can work as a corporate accountant, risk manager, or in other roles in corporate banking, finance, and management with an MNC. Here, your monthly salaries are between Rs 30,000 to Rs 2,00,000. 


After your 3-year B. Com degree, you can appear for the Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT) which enables you to get into a Bachelors of Law (LLB) program. If you specialise in a company, corporate, patent, or intellectual property law, you can join the legal department of any Indian or multinational corporation as an attorney or legal advisor.

Where: National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore; Symbiosis Law School, Indian Law College (ILS), Pune; MSU, Baroda

Which jobs: You can work as a legal associate, corporate counsel, or attorney with various businesses. Although the job titles differ, the profile is essentially similar: you will be working in the corporate law department of companies, like Amazon India, Tata Consultancy Services, and Proctor and Gamble.

Monthly salary: From Rs 60,000 upwards

Postgraduate courses and diplomas in journalism

Do you feel you have an opinion to share on start-ups, the state of the economy, and multi-million-dollar acquisitions? A master or postgraduate diploma in business journalism after your B. Com prepares you for a career in print, TV, or digital media!

Where: Asian College of Journalism, Chennai; Indian Institute of Mass Communications (IIMC), Delhi

Which jobs: You can work as a business reporter, writer, or editor with a consulting firm, newspaper, news agency, TV channel, or website, depending on your preference and specialization. Popular employers in India are the Mint, TV18, Gartner, and The Economic Times

Monthly salary: Reputable print and digital media outlets pay a starting salary ranging from Rs 25,000 to Rs 40,000. For TV channels, the salary can go up to Rs 60,000.

Academic courses after B. Com

Masters and PhD courses in commerce, marketing, and finance

Not everyone dreams of joining the corporate world. Some are enthused about the fields of research and education. If that’s your bent of mind, you can always opt for advanced study courses like M. Com and then PhD in India, or an MS/ PhD program in commerce, marketing, or business economics overseas. Programs in the US may require you to qualify the GRE and TOEFL exams and may be fully funded, so keep a lookout for scholarships. After your M. Com or MS, you can apply to teach at a school or a college. You’ll need to qualify the Bachelors of Education (B.Ed) or National Eligibility Test (NET), for school and college teaching, respectively.

Where: For M. Com – Sri Ram College of Commerce, University of Delhi; Stella Maris College, Chennai; St Joseph’s College of Commerce, Bangalore. For PhD in commerce: SRM University, Amravati, Andhra Pradesh

Which jobs: Assistant or associate faculty at a college, a teacher in a school, market research analyst or manager with a firm

Monthly salary: For government and accredited colleges, monthly salaries start from Rs 35,000, while for schools the range begins from Rs 28,000. For private-sector jobs, expect a salary upwards of Rs 25,000, depending on your role and the hiring company’s profile. 

Can I get a job right after my B. Com?

Although adding advanced courses to your belt after a B. Com makes you eligible for more, better-paying jobs, there are also plenty of job options for you right after your graduation. Let’s take a quick look: 

Govt, Defence, and Public Sector Banking Jobs

Government jobs after a B. Com are a great option. After your B. Com, you can take the Indian Administrative Exams (IAS) and the Provincial Civil Services Exam (PCS) to join the central government. Most such competitive exams require only a Bachelor’s degree, so they are always a good option. You can also take the Central Defence Services (CDS) or NDA exams to join the armed forces, and bank exams to join public sector banks, such as Bank of Baroda and Punjab National Bank. 

Monthly salary range: Upwards of Rs 50,000 for IAS, PCS, and defence services; upwards of Rs 38,000 for probationary officers (PO) in banks.

Private sector jobs

Work in Audit and Accounting

You can work as an accountant or auditor for large Indian firms and MNCs like Reliance Industries, Wipro, Tata, and more. You’ll be working in a team in a large department that handles the closing of books, finalization of accounts, tax audits, cost audits, and more. 

Monthly salary: For a fresh B. Com graduate, a reputable firm can pay a monthly salary of Rs 25,000 to Rs 40,000. 

Work as a financial analyst

Since you will be familiar with finance and accounting systems, you can find work as a financial analyst with MNCs, consulting firms, or Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) firms, such as KPMG and Genpact. 

Monthly salary: Rs 25,000 and above


Work as a finance manager with financing firms

Private financing companies such as Bajaj Finance and Veritas are often on the lookout for finance officers who can sell, disburse, and manage their loan products, as well as customer portfolios. Your familiarity with finance and economics will come in handy here. 

Monthly salary: Rs 20.000 and above

Work as an analyst with private and investment banks

You’ll be happy to know that banks like Indian banks like HDFC and ICICI, as well as global investment banks like JP Morgan often hire fresh commerce graduates to work as accountants, banking analysts, and customer service officers. To make yourself eligible for these prestigious hires, opt for a B. Com from a prestigious university, and try maintaining high grades.

Monthly salary: Rs 20,000 and above

With so many options available, you’ll be hard-pressed for choices after your B. Com. If you’re still confused about what to do, decide based on your strengths and interests rather than current trends. After all, finding a career you love is the best lifetime investment you can make!

Careers In Computer Engineering

Careers In Computer Engineering: Everything you want to know

As the world we live in gets more technology driven, and Artificial Intelligence holds sway on our future, Careers In Computer Engineering remain firmly in the spotlight. Professionals with excellent coding skills and the ability to offer solutions through computer programming will be in greater demand, not only in India but all over the world. Experts predict a spurt in Computer Science Engineering Jobs, which is good news for future aspirants.

What are the Computer Science Engineering Jobs you can expect?

When you invest at least four years of your life earning a qualification, it’s only natural to want to know the returns you get at the end of it. Here is a List Of Computer Engineering Jobs you can expect after you complete your program.

  • Software Developers are responsible for creating software for apps and the latest tech devices. You will be handling the coding and testing of the software.
  • One of the popular Types Of Jobs For Computer Engineers is that of a computer programmer. You will need to learn the latest languages for coding as a programmer.
  • Hardware engineers are in demand because they take care of the crucial physical components of computer systems. They include circuits, microchips, servers etc.
  • Computer Network Architects handle the vital role of managing seamless data sharing and communications within teams and employees of an organization.
  • Small to large scale organizations have dedicated teams of Information Security Analysts that protect their valuable systems and data from cyber-attacks and other such concerns.
  • With bulk of consumer base, traffic, leads and sales being generated online, Web Developers with skills to create eye-catching websites will remain much sought after.
  • Database Administrators are much in demand as they use specialized software to store and organize data, which as they say, is more valuable than oil, in today’s world.
  • Computer Systems Analysts are vital to any organizations’ computer systems. They offer information systems solutions that are crucial to their companies.
  • Systems Designer is another important role in companies big and small. You will be responsible for analysis and design of information systems for smooth operations.
  • Your Computer Science background can open the gateway to a long and fruitful career as an academic. You could also be a researcher changing the course of the future.

These are just some of the job profiles that new graduates in the field can begin their careers with. Some of top employers for graduates include Amazon, Deloitte, Infosys, Cognizant, HCL, TCS, IBM, HP Inc, CGI and more. Diverse industry sectors can offer launch pads for successful Careers In Computer Engineering.

  • From International giants like Microsoft, Google, Facebook, to small scale local players, computer engineers can work with Tech companies.
  • Telecommunications industry is packed with career opportunities for computer engineers. In fact, some of the Highest Paying Jobs in Computer Science Field are seen here.
  • Some of the new age and exciting career opportunities are available with companies that specialize in cybersecurity and robotics.
  • Manufacturing and product development companies not only offer interesting job profiles but excellent opportunities to grow as well.

What are the career scopes for computer engineers?

With digital disruptions getting stronger in practically every walk of our lives, there is always going to be a demand for computer engineers. So you can be certain of job security in the field. You can build on your graduation degree in computer engineering with Masters or latest specializations, and give yourself the cutting edge advantage. Your higher studies options include M. Tech or M.S from top institutions like IITs, M.S from foreign universities, PG programmes at International institutions as well as MBA, which builds on your existing skills set and qualifications. If you are interested in research, you can gain work experience after graduation and apply for direct PhDs. These credentials will prepare you for long term career satisfaction as well as growth. Technology is all about innovation, and there is no stopping for computer science professionals who keep reinventing themselves.

What is Computer Engineering Salary In India?

Careers In Computer Engineering are challenging, demanding but immensely gratifying and rewarding too. Computer Science Jobs Salary is a good marker of what a lucrative career choice it can be. According to reports, computer hardware engineers armed with Bachelor’s degrees can start with a Rs. 3 LPA package, which can rise up to Rs. 10 LPA and above after few years of experience. Software engineers can begin their careers with Rs. 3.6 LPA on an average and make around Rs. 12 LPA after 5-10 years, depending on their performance.

Computer Engineering graduates can also make their careers in International arena. The Silicon Valley has been a hub for Indian engineers who draw massive salaries working with  renowned firms. The US, UK, Germany, France and Canada are some of the top destinations for Computer Engineers from India.

Computer engineering careers hold a lot of promise for current aspirants and future generations of India.

Five jobs for Mechanical Engineering

What to do after a Bachelor’s in Mechanical Engineering?

If you love to know how things work and invent new products, a career in mechanical engineering may be perfect for you. Popularly known as the “mother of engineering,” mechanical engineering relates to concepts such as mechanics, thermodynamics, robotics, kinematics, structural analysis, fluid mechanics, and many others. These concepts are applied in the process of designing customised manufacturing units, different types of automobiles, aircraft and aerospace parts, and anything and everything else you can think! This article answers all your questions about what the job of a mechanical engineer entails, and the career paths available for you after a BTech/ BE in mechanical engineering.

What is the job description of a mechanical engineer?

So, what does a mechanical engineer do: Hint: the answer is in the name of the job itself. As you can probably tell, mechanical engineers create, structure, test, and improve mechanical devices such as tools, engines, and machines. This includes everything from refrigerators to the parts of a Boeing aeroplane. Because mechanical engineering has such vast applications, mechanical engineers work everywhere — in engineering services, research facilities, manufacturing industries, and various government bodies. Typically, a mechanical engineer will spend most of his or her time in the office, but occasionally on the field as well, often partnering with architects, computer scientists, product designers, and managers. Apart from making and testing prototypes of machines and equipment, mechanical engineers also supervise the installation and maintenance of machinery, as well as troubleshooting problems with machines. Tech-y in nature, mechanical engineers, often use computer-aided design (CAD) packages to produce blueprints that contain the specifications for their projects. They also work on evaluating and testing designs and redesigning and upgrading systems. ​

Is mechanical engineering a good career for me?

Because of its broad applications, mechanical engineering is a great career option. Every industry from aerospace to robotics needs mechanical engineers and pays well for them. For a mechanical engineer fresher, the starting salary ranges upwards from Rs 20,000 – Rs 30,000 a month. If you have an aptitude for physics and the following qualities, mechanical engineering is also a career path that will keep you fulfilled. Here are a few more skills you’ll need for a career in mechanical engineering:

Innovative skills. Since mechanical engineers design new machines and equipment, they need to be inventive and innovative.

Communication skills. Like said earlier, a mechanical engineer’s job involves frequent collaboration and teamwork. The ability to articulate different approaches and listen to varied perspectives is an essential skill set for mechanical engineers.

Computational skills. As a mechanical engineer, you will need to use many advanced maths subjects, such as linear algebra, calculus, and stats to analyse, create, and test equipment. An aptitude for maths and computation is thus a must for mechanical engineers.

Skills to work under pressure. The job of a mechanical engineer often involves developing complex technical solutions under a deadline. Therefore, you must be able to work in an intense environment to succeed as a mechanical engineer.

Problem-solving skills. Mechanical engineers need to apply scientific principles and theories to design and create new products. Thus, the job requires strong problem-solving skills.

What are my career options after mechanical engineering?

Given its vast applications, the list of mechanical engineering career options is unending, but let’s take a look at the top three:

1. Go in for further studies

Mechanical engineering graduates can find work in various sectors right after graduation, but pursuing an advanced course opens avenues for better employment opportunities. Here are four popular further study options in core engineering, as well as non-core careers, after a BE in mechanical engineering:

a. MTech in Mechanical Engineering

The logical “next-step” advanced course for a mechanical engineer is, of course, an MTech in mechanical engineering. You can pursue an MTech in mechanical engineering from prominent institutes such ss the IITs, NITs, BITS, and many other regional colleges. This is a 2-year full time program which you can pursue after your BTech/ BE. Engineering graduates who are working also have the option to pursue a 3-year-long part-time regular program. Admission for MTech courses depends either on the grades in your bachelor’s degree or on the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) score and an interview. In your MTech course, you can specialise in mechanical engineering design, industrial and production engineering, thermal engineering, automobile engineering and more.

Where: SRM University Amravati, Andhra Pradesh, all major government institutes such as the IITs and NITs

Job prospects: Work with multinational manufacturing corporations; teach at an engineering college; work as a consultant in transportation, logistics and automobile engineering firms; work with the software divisions of IT giants like IBM, which support automobile engineering conglomerates like Ford and other heavy machinery manufacturing companies; work as navigating officers or marine engineers in naval companies.

Starting monthly salary: Rs 35,000 and above

b. MTech in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning are extremely promising upcoming broad disciplines that seek to simulate numerous innate human skills such as case-based reasoning, data analysis, fuzzy logic, decision-making, natural language processing, language translation, pattern recognition, and speech recognition. In addition, machine learning is an AI subset that enables a system to learn and improve from experience. The advantage of artificial intelligence and machine intelligence technologies is that they bring more complex data-analysis features to existing applications. Other related disciplines are cyber security and data science. Entrance to all such MTech courses may require GATE.

Where: SRM University, Amravati, Andhra Pradesh

Job Prospects: Work at space research organizations like ISRO; work as a research analyst with companies like Google; work as an AI researcher with institutes like the IITs.

Starting monthly salary: Rs 50,000 and above

c. MTech in Robotics

Another great advanced study course for mechanical engineering graduates is robotics. Robotics involves the scientific study of the design and manufacturing of robots, which nowadays are used in fields as diverse as customer service to surgery. This branch of engineering has a lot of potential applications, providing many career opportunities for robotic engineers. May require GATE.

Where: The IITs, Jadavpur University (Kolkata), the University of Hyderabad

Job Prospects: As a robotic engineer, you can work with space research organisations, in industries which manufacture microchips, in the defence sector, in medical and automobile industries and many more. Once you’ve completed your MTech, you can take jobs in manufacturing, maintenance, research of nuclear power plants and many other areas. Due to the advancement of technology, robotics technology is used in space exploration, power plant maintenance, the automobile industry, and finding new petroleum and crude oil sites. Admissions to an MTech in robotics requires you to pass the GATE exam.

Starting monthly salary: Upwards of Rs 35,000-40,000

d. Masters in Business Administration

Finally, a popular course for mechanical engineering graduates is a postgraduate diploma programme in management or an MBA from a reputable business school. If you’re interested in non-core engineering career prospects, an MBA is a great bet for you! You’ll be required to pass the CAT (combined aptitude test) or various other entrance exams to gain admission into an MBA programme. The combination of an engineering degree and an MBA is very helpful in getting jobs in managerial positions. An MBA offers a wide choice of career options.

Where: All the IIMs; XLRI, Jamshedpur; Indian School of Business, Hyderabad; various government and private institutes

Job prospects: Work as an analyst, executive, or manager with Indian and multinational corporations.

Starting monthly salary: Varies greatly, depending on your graduating discipline and institute. Average starting monthly salary is in the range of Rs 50,000 to upwards of Rs 1,00,000.

2. But what if I want to get a job right after my Bachelors in Mechanical engineering?

Go for it, because there are several well-paying job opportunities for mechanical engineering freshers. In fact, getting a few years of work experience before going in for advanced studies is a good idea, because it equips you to deal with real-world conditions. Let’s take a look at four types of mechanical engineering jobs for freshers in the private sector, and the starting salaries you can expect:

a. Auto research engineers work to better the performance of cars. These engineers work to improve the traditional features of cars such as suspension, and they also work on aerodynamics and possible new fuels. An automotive engineer makes and improves equipment and structures related to automobiles. As an automotive engineer, you can work for a company that manufactures original equipment or for a company that manufactures cars, such as Ford, Volkswagen, etc. Since you will be designing a large part of your work on a computer using CAD software, expertise in design software is essential. But don’t think it is just a desk job; a lot of automotive engineering involves hands-on work, such as tests that are carried out to try out new technologies. The starting salary for an automotive engineer in India is Rs 20,000 to Rs 25,000 per month, while the median salary can easily be upwards of Rs 60,000 per month.

b. Heating and cooling systems engineers work to design and support environmental systems wherever temperatures and humidity must be kept within certain limits. Where are such systems most needed? Think of environments like airplanes, trains, cars, schools, hospitals, and even computer rooms. The starting salary for a heating and cooling system engineer in India is Rs 20,000 to Rs 25,000 per month, while the median salary can easily be upwards of Rs 60,000 per month.

c. Simulations engineers play a vital role in complex engineering projects. As the job title implies, the work of a simulation engineer involves testing the performance, safety, and durability of any piece of equipment in a virtual environment that simulates or mimics real world conditions. Since testing in real-world conditions can be extremely expensive, simulation offers a distinct cost-advantage for companies. Additionally, with the help of simulation, a manufacturer/ engineer can understand the behaviour and life cycle of a product before even building a prototype. Thus, simulation solves problems, saves time and money, and improves product and product development process. Apart from tech giants like Bosch and Siemens, companies working in the fields of bio-mechanics, medicine, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, automobiles, energy, and consumer goods also utilise simulation. The average starting monthly salary for a simulation engineer in India varies greatly, from Rs 22,000 for a company like Tata technologies to upwards of Rs 60,000 for multinational companies like Eaton.

d. Computer-aided design (CAD) engineers design products using computer-aided design software applications such as AutoCAD, Pro/ENGINEER, and SolidWorks. A CAD engineer designs products, creates and tests prototypes, and oversees other drafters. The main responsibilities of a CAD engineer include designing frameworks for a project, working with industrial and packaging engineers to develop, create, and sell a product, and analysing design and building business/technical solutions that deliver the client’s goal. The starting monthly salary for a CAD engineer (not to be confused with a CAD technician) is upwards of Rs 30,000.

3. And what if I want to work with the government and PSUs?

That’s a lucrative and stable option as well. Working with government departments like the ISRO and PSUs like Bharat Heavy Electrical (BHEL), and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) is an excellent career path after mechanical engineering. Like the MTech, you need to clear the GATE exam to qualify for various PSU and government jobs. The starting salary varies across departments and organizations and ranges from Rs 20,600 to Rs 46,000 per month.

So, there you have it, whether you want to pursue core engineering options, or branch out into non-core areas like management, a degree in mechanical engineering is a solidly structured (pun intended) foundation for your career!

The fact that academics in the country are responsible for staggering amounts of research is well known. But it’s not very often that you come face to face with someone involved with life-saving medical research. Prof. C. Durga Rao has been a part of the team responsible for the development of Indian Rotavirus Vaccine. During his long stint with Indian Institute of Science, he worked on childhood viral diseases, primarily Rotavirus, and Enteroviruses, which are related to Polio Virus. Now he is setting up the laboratory at SRM University, AP to continue the vital work while helping students imbibe crucial research skills. What’s the progress? Read on.

Bringing it home

As part of the team at the prestigious Indian Institute of Science, Prof. Rao played a crucial role in the development of the first indigenous viral vaccine developed and produced in India. He asserts that he joined SRM University, AP because it offered him an opportunity to continue with his research. “The administration is supportive and determined to develop the University as a research-oriented institution. I am sure that the coming years are going to be very significant for the R&D of the university. Though we are a new organization, the intellectuals gathered at the university are exceptional,” he says enthusiastically.  


Multidisciplinary model, multidisciplinary talent

Dr Rao’s enthusiasm, high energy are befitting of a researcher bursting with ideas, looking forward to making his University a significant contributor among worldwide R&D facilities. Given the multidisciplinary nature of studies and collaborations at SRM University-AP, he is also excited about working with researchers who are experts in fields like Nanotechnology, Gerontology and more. “But since we are working on the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary models, mostly I have engineering students. So making Biology interesting to them is crucial,” he speaks of translating his passion onto his students.

Encouraging future researchers and thinkers

Dr Rao reveals that at SRM University, AP the focus is on the active participation of students. They are encouraged to ask questions and get marks for it towards their annual grading. The idea is to increase engagement that results in their all-round intellectual development. “In my biology class, we go from how life evolved to the latest advancements in the field. We also teach Data Analysis in Biology, which is an amalgamation of latest Data Analysis technologies with the standard practices of Biology. We want to keep things relatable and stimulating to help students apply their minds and be successful in careers they choose,” he spells out the long term goal.

Lithium-ion Batteries Research: A Nobel Cause

If the portable electronics industry has revolutionised the way we communicate today, then we have a lot to thank Lithium-ion Batteries for providing the building blocks. These humble batteries have powered this high tech revolution. It’s probably why Lithium-ion Batteries are rated as one of the most influential pieces of materials science that impact modern life. So when John B Goodenough, University of Texas at Austin, M Stanley Whittingham, Binghamton University, and Akira Yoshino, Meijo University, were announced as Nobel Prize winners in Chemistry for their work on Lithium-ion Batteries, it was a seen as a recognition long overdue.

Long-standing impact

After Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm announced the distinguished winners of the richly deserved awards it said in a statement, “Lithium-ion Batteries have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind.” They have been the bedrock for the modern technology-driven world we live. It’s interesting to note that Lithium-ion Batteries have been around for three decades. While mobile technology has gone through a dramatic change only in the past few years, battery technology hasn’t bettered Lithium-ion Batteries for 30 years. That shows you what a powerhouse of a discovery it has been.

Research background

It was in the 1970s that M Stanley Whittingham began the work to overcome the drawbacks of earlier rechargeable batteries, mostly the amount of energy they could store. Lithium’s properties made it an ideal material for the batteries. His first Lithium Battery was also developed in a bid to promote and look for fossil-free energy solutions. However, the batteries ran the risk of exploding, which is why he added Aluminum to Lithium in the anode of the battery. John B Goodenough used Cobalt Oxide for Cathode and it instantly doubled the battery voltage. Akira Yoshino used the technology to create the first commercial battery in 1985.

Changing the future forever

John B Goodenough aged 97 is the oldest Nobel Laureate ever. According to him, when he started his work on Lithium-ion Batteries, he couldn’t imagine the impact they would have. “I didn’t know what electrical engineers would do with the battery. I really didn’t anticipate cellphones, camcorders and everything else,” he said in an interview. But the fact is that today they are at the heart of several modern technologies, from mobile phones and laptops to electric cars. Since Lithium-ion Batteries hold the electric charge longer, they have intrinsically enhanced the viability of electric cars that will be the need of the future.

Lithium-ion Batteries have broadened the spectrum of sustainable energy resources. That’s because they are capable of storing energy from the Sun, Wind and more. These renewable resources will be expected to power our planet’s future. And Lithium-ion Batteries will be making it possible, thus sustaining our tomorrow.

SRM University-AP has set up Amara Raja Center for Energy Storage Devices in collaboration with the Amara Raja Group. The center is fueling the advanced research on Li-ion and beyond Li-ion batteries that aims to revolutionize the world in upcoming years. Ultra-fast charging of devices, new materials for energy storage devices, more efficient batteries and even more R&D are being carried at the center.

At SRM University- AP, we realise the need for research for making the world a better place and we strive to make it happen, for us and for you!

Career options after BA

What are my career options after completing my BA?

Find yourself asking: after BA, what next? You’re not the only one. In science-and-tech-obsessed India, a bachelors in arts or a BA is often portrayed as a “lesser” option. Some parents even dissuade their children from an education in the arts, despite the student’s keen interest in a subject like history, political science, or English literature. The common assumption is that job prospects after a BA are poor. So, is that true? Absolutely not! As you will see through this article, your career options after a BA are rich and promising, with high-paying jobs after BA a reality. Apart from debunking the myth that a BA is a bad career choice, we would also want to stress on the importance of choosing your Bachelor’s degree according to your interest area, rather than what people think is popular. This way, you lay the foundation for a long and rewarding career that actually sustains your interest!

But first, what do I study in a BA?

In India, a BA degree is either a Pass course, in which you study a mix of subjects or an honours degree which specializes in one subject, such as a BA (Honours) in Political Science. Again, a BA Pass degree is regarded as inferior to an Honours degree, but fresh thinking suggests a Pass or multidisciplinary Bachelors may actually be useful from a career point of view because it trains you in many subjects. A Bachelors in Arts degree covers subjects in Liberal Arts, such as

  1. Languages, such as Hindi, English, Sanskrit, French and more
  2. Social Sciences, such as Economics, Political science, History, Psychology
  3. Humanities, such as English literature, Maths, Philosophy, Statistics, Journalism, and Fine Arts

What are Maths and Economics doing in a Bachelor of Arts?

Fun fact: Economics and Maths are traditionally recorded as Liberal Arts rather than science disciplines! Many colleges still offer a BA, rather than a BSc, in Maths. Since economics is a science about society, and since Maths is closely linked with music and art – think about fields like beats, dimension, perspective, and geometry – both of these are considered Arts subjects!

Where should I enrol for my BA?

Enrolling at a good college for your BA is important because this will give you a competitive advantage. If you’re planning to apply to a BA, work hard and ensure you have a good score in Class 12th so you can get the college and subject of your choice. Some of the best colleges for a BA in India are:

  1. Lady Sri Ram College, University of Delhi. Best for English, Economics, Maths, Psychology, Statistics, and Journalism
  2. St Stephen’s College, University of Delhi. Best for English, Philosophy, History, and Political Science
  3. Presidency College, Kolkata. Best for Political Science
  4. Christ Church University, Bangalore. Best for English and Economics
  5. Fergusson College, Pune. Best for Economics
  6. Loyola College, Chennai. Best for English, Economics, and Statistics
  7. SRM University, Andhra Pradesh. Best for Interdisciplinary Bachelors. You can customize 6-7 courses across Arts and Science disciplines.
  8. Ambedkar University, New Delhi. Best for Psychology and Fine Arts
  9. MS University Baroda. Best for Fine Arts
  10. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Best for BA in German, Spanish and other languages.

What are my career options after graduation in arts?

Like we’ve seen, the range of subjects covered under a BA degree are vast. Your career scope after a BA program will depend on your choice of subjects to a great extent. For example, A bachelors in English or communication will help you make a career in the media, while a BA in Statistics will prepare you for a career in insurance and risk management. However, one advantage of doing a BA is that your career choices are quite fluid; so, you can always for a career in advertising after a political science degree or pursue an MBA after an Honours in English. Based on whether you want to pursue advanced studies, or look for a job right after your BA, here are some career options:

Which is the best course after graduation in arts?

The best course is the one which most suits your interest and skills. Here are a few options you can choose from.

MA/ MPhil in your subject

In case you want to pursue a career in higher education and research, opt for a Master’s in your subject. You can be eligible to teach in a college after an MA if you qualify the National Eligibility Test (NET). You can further pursue an MPhil/ PhD from universities, such as University of Delhi, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, and SRM University, Amravati. Ever since the Sixth Pay Commission, educationists get very rewarding salaries.

Starting monthly salary for an ad-Hoc college professor: Rs 50,000 for a central university

Bachelors in Education

If you would like to teach at a school, you can pursue a Bachelors in Education, which is typically a two-year course. A B Ed qualifies you for school teaching, which is both lucrative and emotionally rewarding since you get to mentor the youth of tomorrow.

Starting monthly salary: Rs 25,000 upwards for pre-primary teachers; Rs 35,000 upwards for primary teachers


After your 3-year B. A degree, you can appear for the Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT) which enables you to get into a Bachelors of Law (LLB) program. After specializing in civil, criminal, corporate, or intellectual property law, you can join either a district or high court as a lawyer, or even work for the legal department of a firm. Where: National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore; Symbiosis Law School, Indian Law College (ILS), Pune; MSU, Baroda

Starting monthly salary: Varies greatly, starting from Rs 20,000 for a lawyer at a districts court


Students often ask: can I do an MBA after a BA in English or History? Of course, you can! A graduate from any discipline can apply for an MBA after a BA. You will be required to take the CAT for the IIMs and other entrance exams for institutes such as the IIMs, and other exams for institutes like XLRI, Jamshedpur and Indian School of Business, Hyderabad. A great option for MBA after your BA is MICA (once known as the Mudra Institute Communications, Ahmedabad) which offers an MBA in Marketing and Advertising. In an MBA, you can specialize in options such as finance, marketing, human resources, foreign trade, and more. Depending on your specialization, you can work as a manager in various departments of Indian and multinational companies, such as American Express bank, tech giants like Google and Intel technologies, and consulting firms like KPMG and Deloitte. Choose a specialization allied with your strengths to get the most out of your MBA degree.

Starting monthly salary: Graduates from tier-1 colleges like IIM Ahmedabad and ISB can expect a monthly average salary of Rs 1,25,000.

Postgraduate courses and diplomas in journalism

Have a distinctive voice and want to make it heard? A master or postgraduate diploma in business journalism after your B. Com prepares from institutes such as the Asian College of Journalism (ACJ), Chennai, and Indian Institute of Mass Communications (IIMC), Delhi prepares you for a career in print, TV, or digital media! You can work as a reporter, writer, or editor with a newspaper, news agency, TV channel, or website, depending on your preference and specialization. Popular employers in India are the Times Group, the Indian Express, TV18, and NDTV.

Starting monthly salary: Reputable print and digital media outlets pay a starting salary ranging from Rs 25,000 to Rs 40,000. For TV channels, the salary can go up to Rs 60,000.

Masters in Social Work

If you want to make a difference to the world around you, a Masters in Social Work is a good option. This course prepares you for a career with non-profits, in the corporate social responsibility arms of MNCs, healthcare, and counselling, depending on your stream of specialization. The Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, as well as the Department of Social Work, University of Delhi offer very reputable Masters in Social Work (MSW) degrees.

Starting monthly salary: Rs 20,000 with small non-profits to Rs 50,000 and upwards for large non-profits, MNCs, hospitals, and governmental organizations.

What if I want to apply for a job after my BA?

You have many options here too. Some great options are listed below.

Government jobs after BA

Government jobs after a BA are a good option. A BA is especially useful in preparing you for the Indian Administrative Exams (IAS), and the Provincial Civil Services Exam (PCS) as many questions in the preliminary exams cover subjects such as Indian politics, history, and general knowledge. Most such competitive exams for the Central and state government require only a Bachelor’s degree, so they are always a good option.

Hot tip: Though subjects like political science and history are evergreen options for government exams, specializing in subjects like Sanskrit or Philosophy is also a good choice, since these subjects are high scoring.

Monthly salary range: Upwards of Rs 50,000 for IAS and PCS.

Defence jobs

After your BA, you can take the NDA (If you are under 19) or CDS (between the ages of 19 and 24) recruitment exams to join the defence forces. Apart from numerous perks, the monthly salary ranges for the lieutenant rank in the army is upwards of Rs 50,000 (basic pay).

Banking jobs

You can also take bank exams to join public sector banks, such as Bank of Baroda and Punjab National Bank, or the separate RBI exam for the Reserve Bank of India. The RBI exam is a great option, though quite competitive.

Starting monthly salary: upwards of Rs 38,000 for probationary officers (PO) in banks, Rs 68,000 for RBI Grade B officers (including basic pay and benefits)

Private jobs


Journalism is a great career option after a BA in English. You can join a newspaper, television channel, or digital outlet as a reporter right after your graduation; though without a postgraduate diploma in journalism, you may be required to take an editing and general knowledge test. Remember to brush up on your language skills and reading before taking such an exam!

Starting monthly pay: Rs 25,000 upwards

Content writer

Writing for a website, blog, or business is a good option, especially if you are creative and good at secondary research. It helps if you establish a niche, such as education, lifestyle, business, or healthcare and specialize in it. You can work with businesses from Amazon to Myntra to Nykaa to Microsoft as a content writer. Often, you may be required to undertake a writing test.

Starting monthly salary: Depending on the size of the outfit, this can range from 15,000 to Rs 40,000 for Microsoft and Nykaa


Have a knack for coming up with catchy hashtags and memorable slogans? You have a good chance of joining an ad agency as a copywriter right after your BA. Most ad agencies, such as Leo Burnett, Ogilvy and Mather, and Dentsu will require you to take a copy test to evaluate your creativity and language skills.

Starting monthly pay: Rs 20,000 upwards

An executive with a multinational corporation

If you have a BA in subjects like Economics, Statistics, or Maths, you can join an MNC as an antry-level associate, consultant, or executive. Companies such as Price Waterhouse Cooper, JP Morgan, and McKinsey often hire freshers.

Starting monthly pay: Rs 30,000 upwards


Whether it be news agencies, NGOs, or corporates, all organizations require researchers who can collect, process, and archive data. You can join news organizations such as NDTV, NGOs such as CRY and Goonj, or MNCs like Gartner as a researcher right after your BA.

Starting monthly pay: Rs 15, 000 (for small non-profits) to Rs 20,000 upwards (for larger NGOs, media agencies, and MNCs)


Have a BA in French, Spanish, Japanese, Urdu, or Sanskrit? Or are you fluent in more than one language and have a flair for translation? You can work as a translator for a publishing house, a multinational corporation, travel agencies, and embassies. Fluency in foreign languages, especially those that are tough to master, such as Japanese, can be especially lucrative.

Starting monthly salary: Rs 20,000 (for publishing houses) to Rs 40,000 upwards (for large translation agencies and MNCs)

PR Executive

All large organizations and many smaller ones have public relations arms, so there is no shortage of PR and marketing jobs. A Bachelors in English or communications presents an additional advantage in getting a job in public relations, marketing, and sales.  Though starting salaries in these fields may be low, the ramp up can be fast if you exhibit good language, communication, and sales skills.

Starting monthly salary: Rs 15,000 upwards for small organizations to Rs 30,00 and more for larger companies

Graphic designer or illustrator

In a world increasingly attuned to the visual medium, this option is perfect for those with a Bachelors in Fine Arts. Advertising agencies, production houses, design and branding studios, as well as media houses, often require illustrators, so brush up your portfolio!

Starting monthly salary: Rs 25,000 and upwards

With all these options around, a Bachelor in Arts can be a hidden advantage, especially since studying humanities and liberal arts subjects often hone your communications skills and emotional quotient, factors that go a long way in building a fruitful career.

It is said that excellence is the gradual result of always striving to do better than before. That means it is a journey, and there is no overnight success and no short cuts to excellence. Agniswar Paul’s pathway to excellence has found a new direction since he joined SRM University, AP. Agniswar is a 3rd-year Electronics Communication Engineering Undergrad student at SRM AP and has been working on research and developing technologies that can help people in meaningful ways.

Agniswar states that prior to joining SRM University, AP he had no exposure to technology or programming experience at all but had a vision in mind that he wanted to make himself capable enough to achieve his career goals. With this objective, he has been working relentlessly on building his skill sets through his course work and his experience at the Next Tech Lab. His focus is on using the Internet of Things (IoT) to develop solutions relevant to society. He regards the founders of Next Tech Lab Anshuman Pandey and Aditya as his mentors who have guided him continuously on the abilities he needs to develop to make the most of working at the Lab.

The first project Agniswar worked on was Plant Coin. In this exciting and socially relevant project, he helped develop a product wherein sensors detect whether a particular plant requires to be watered. When this point is triggered, 10 registered users simultaneously receive an SMS on their mobile phones. The person who waters the plant first gets reward points, thus gamifying the simple task of watering plants. The plan is to scale this to a level where people get more involved with caring for plants and trees, which would immensely benefit the environment.

His next stop was a project to help farmers. Almost 2/3rd of the Indian population is dependent on agriculture, and most of this workforce is marginalised farmers who can use all the help they can get from technology. Alongside 3 other Lab members, Agniswar initiated a project that would reduce the uncertainties around weather and water management for farmers, thus improving their ability to plan as well as meet untoward developments. Timely information about the weather and related matters was a vital element of this solution. Working on this project for 5 months led to getting the product ready, and they are writing a research paper on it. The article got accepted for publication in the IEEE Journal, one of the world’s largest technical professional organisation dedicated to advancing technology. The publication was not a modest achievement. IEEE has a very rigorous screening process with reviews by 10-15 members who score the submissions between -3 to 3. If the paper is accepted, then it is presented by the authors at a research conference. Agniswar’s team presented the paper at a conference in IIT Kanpur in July 2019, which he counts as excellent exposure.

Not one to rest on his laurels, Agniswar published a second paper, which was accepted in September 2019, for which he attended a research conference in November 2019 in Singapore. This paper wrote on the intelligence of robotics. Currently, he is working on his third research paper which involves combing IoT with augmented reality. The fusion of IoT & augmented reality promises to be immensely helpful for students who use equipment to run experiments.

Besides such projects, Agniswar has participated in 4 Hackathons so far, and his team has won every one of them. These were the Los Angeles Hacks, San Francisco Hacks, Developer Week, and Minerva.

Last semester Agniswar went to the University of California, Berkeley (one of the world’s most renowned technology school) and became a part of Robotics Lab. After a rigorous screening and interviewing process, he was accepted by the lab to work there for three months.

For students like Agniswar who was intent on pursuing research and real-life projects, SRM University, AP offers a conducive environment where students like him can push their limits, gain exposure, and have a real impact. This research focus and encouragement of students like Agniswar make SRM University, AP one of the most dynamic centres for learning for those who want to pursue excellence as a way of life and see their work have a meaningful impact.