Faculty Coordinator and Assistant Professor

Dr. Pranab Mandal

Department of Physics


  1. Materials synthesis
  2. Piezoelectrics and ferroelectrics
  3. Magnetoelectric multiferroics



Malda College
University of North Bengal
West Bengal


Jawaharlal Nehru University
New Delhi


Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research


  • 2012 – 2017, Postdoc.  Research Associate | University of Liverpool, UK

Skills & Abilities

  • Synthesis - Ambient and high pressure synthesis of perovskite oxides. Ceramic processing to obtain dense and insulating materials. Thin film deposition using RF-magnetron sputtering and pulsed laser deposition.
  • Character-ization - X-ray and neutron powder diffraction (phase identification and Rietveld refinement using Topas and Fullprof). Electron diffraction analysis on selected area electron diffraction and convergent beam electron diffraction. Piezoelectric and ferroelectric characterization, Rayleigh analysis. Impedance and dielectric spectroscopy. Magnetoelectric coupling studies to probe linear and higher order effects. Magnetic and transport characterization.
  • Instrument - Furnaces, high-pressure synthesis apparatus (RIKEN CAP 07 and Rockland), RF-magnetron sputtering and pulsed laser deposition for thin film growth. Bruker D8 Advance (ambient and high temperature), PANalytical X’pert X-ray diffractometer. Radiant workstation and aixACCT piezoelectric evaluation system. Physical Property Measurement System (PPMS), SQUID MPMS XL-7, MPMS3, Dynacool, cryo-cooled superconducting magnet system (Cryo Industries of America). Experienced in handling cryogenic liquid. Magnetoelectric coupling measurement (custom set-up using SQUID MPMS). Agilent impedance analyzer and LCR meter. Atomic force microscopy (contact and non-contact mode), piezoelectric force microscopy.

Research Interest

  • Piezoelectrics and ferroelectrics
  • Magnetoelectric multiferroics
  • Complex magnetism
  • High-k dielectrics
  • Thermoelectric materials.

Awards & Fellowships

  • Sheik Saud RAK-CAM Junior Fellowship (2010 – 2011), Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.
  • Qualified All India Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST – 2006) with 95.46 percentile.
  • G. Parthasarathi Endowment Fellowship (2005 – 2006), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
  • Visiting Research Summer Fellowship (2005), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India.
  • Merit-cum-Means Scholarship (2004 – 2005), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
  • BSc (Hons) in Physics with 1st class, ranked 3rd in University of North Bengal, India.

List of Publications

  • H. Niu, M. J. Pitcher, A. J. Corkett, S. Ling, P. Mandal, M. Zanella, K. Dawson, P. Stamenov, D. Batuk, A. M. Abakumov, C. L. Bull, R. I. Smith, C. A. Murray, S. J. Day, B. Slater, F. Cora, J. B. Claridge, and M. J. Rosseinsky, Room temperature magnetically ordered polar corundum GaFeO3 displaying magnetoelectric coupling, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 1520 (2017).
  • M. Barrow, A. Taylor, J. G. Carrion, P. Mandal, H. Poptani, P. Murray, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. J. Adams, Co-precipitation of DEAE-dextran coated SPIONs: how synthesis conditions affect particle properties, stem cell labelling, and MR contrast, Contrast Media Mol. Imaging 10.1002/cmmi.1700 (2016).
  • P. Mandal, M. J. Pitcher, J. Alaria, H. Niu, M. Zanella, J. B. Claridge, M. J. Rosseinsky, Controlling phase assemblage  in a complex  multi-cation system; Phase pure room temperature multiferroic (1-x)BiTi(1-y)/2FeyMg(1-y)/2O3 – xCaTiO3 Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 2523 (2016) Imp. fact. 11.805.
  • P. Mandal, M. J. Pitcher, J. Alaria, H. Niu, P. Borisov, P. Stamenov, J. B. Claridge, M. J. Rosseinsky, Designing switchable polarisation and magnetisation at room temperature in an oxide, Nature 525, 363 (2015).
  • M. J. Pitcher, P. Mandal, M. S. Dyer, J. Alaria, P. Borisov, H. Niu, J. B. Claridge, M. J. Rosseinsky, Tilt engineering of spontaneous polarization and magnetization above 300 K in a bulk layered perovskite, Science 347, 420 (2015).
  • P. Mandal, A. Manjón-Sanz, A. J. Corkett, T. P. Comyn, K. Dawson, T. Stevenson, J. Bennett, L. F. Henrichs, A. J. Bell, E. Nishibori, M. Takata, M. Zanella, M. R. Dolgos, U. Adem, X. Wan, M. J. Pitcher, S. Romani, T. T. Tran, P. S. Halasyamani, J. B. Claridge, M. J. Rosseinsky, Morphotropic phase boundary in the Pb-Free (1 − x)BiTi3/8Fe2/8Mg3/8O3–xCaTiO3 system: tetragonal polarization and enhanced electromechanical properties, Adv. Mater. 27, 2883 (2015).
  • M. Barrow, A. Taylor, D. J. Nieves, L. K. Bogart, P. Mandal, C. M. Collins, L. R. Moore, J. J. Chalmers, R. Levy, S. R. Williams, P. Murray, M. J. Rosseinsky, D. J. Adams, Tailoring the surface charge of dextran-based polymer coated SPIONs for modulated stem cell uptake and MRI contrast, Biomater. Sci. 3, 608 (2015).
  • J. Bennett, T. R. Shrout, S. J. Zhang, P. Mandal, A. J. Bell, T. J. Stevenson, T. P. Comyn, Temperature dependence of the intrinsic and extrinsic contributions in BiFeO3-(K0.5Bi0.5)TiO3-PbTiO3 piezoelectric ceramics, J. Appl. Phys. 116, (2014).
  • N. Soin, T. H. Shah, S. C. Anand, J. Geng, W. Pornwannachai, P. Mandal, D. Reid, S. Sharma, R. L. Hadimani, D. V. Bayramol, E. Siores, Novel "3-D spacer" all fibre piezoelectric textiles for energy harvesting applications, Energy Environ. Sci. 7, 1670 (2014).
  • P. Mandal, C. R. Serrao, E. Suard, V. Caignaert, B. Raveau, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Spin reorientation and magnetization reversal in the perovskite oxides, YFe1−xMnxO3 (0≤x≤0.45): A neutron diffraction study, J. Solid State Chem. 197, 408 (2013).
  • P. Mandal, S. S. Bhat, Y. Sundarayya, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, V. Caignaert, B. Raveau, E. Suard, Structure and complex magnetic behavior of disordered perovskite (Bi0.5Sr0.5)(Fe0.5Mn0.5)O3, RSC Adv. 2, 292 (2012).
  • B. Rajeswaran, P. Mandal, R. Saha, E. Suard, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Ferroelectricity induced by cations of nonequivalent spins disordered in the weakly ferromagnetic perovskites,YCr1–xMxO3 (M = Fe or Mn), Chem. Mater. 24, 3591 (2012).
  • D. Nagamalleswararao, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, N. S. Vidhyadhiraja, Weak ferromagnetism and magnetization reversal in YFe1−xCrxO3, Europhys. Lett. 99, 17008 (2012).
  • D. Choudhury, P. Mandal, R. Mathieu, A. Hazarika, S. Rajan, A. Sundaresan, U. V. Waghmare, R. Knut, O. Karis, P. Nordblad, D. D. Sarma, Near-room-temperature colossal magnetodielectricity and multiglass properties in partially disordered La2NiMnO6, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 127201 (2012).
  • Y. Sundarayya, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Mössbauer spectroscopic study of spin reorientation in Mn-substituted yttrium orthoferrite, J. Phys. Cond. Matter 23, 436001 (2011).
  • A. Shireen, R. Saha, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Multiferroic and magnetodielectric properties of the Al1-xGaxFeO3 family of oxides, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 57 (2011).
  • P. Mandal, V. S. Bhadram, Y. Sundarayya, C. Narayana, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Spin-reorientation, ferroelectricity, and magnetodielectric effect in YFe1-xMnxO3 (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.40), Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 137202 (2011).
  • D. Choudhury, S. Mukherjee, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, U. V. Waghmare, S. Bhattacharjee, R. Mathieu, P. Lazor, O. Eriksson, B. Sanyal, P. Nordblad, A. Sharma, S. V. Bhat, O. Karis, D. D. Sarma, Tuning of dielectric properties and magnetism of SrTiO3 by site-specific doping of Mn, Phys. Rev. B 84, 125124 (2011).
  • P. Mandal, A. Iyo, Y. Tanaka, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Structure, magnetism and giant dielectric constant of BiCr0.5Mn0.5O3 synthesized at high pressures, J. Mater. Chem. 20, 1646 (2010).
  • P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, A. Iyo, P. M. Shirage, Y. Tanaka, C. Simon, V. Pralong, O. I. Lebedev, V. Caignaert, B. Raveau, Temperature-induced magnetization reversal in BiFe0.5Mn0.5O3 synthesized at high pressure, Phys. Rev. B 82, 100416 (2010).
  • P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, Dielectric and impedance studies on the double perovskite Ba2BiTaO6, Solid State Sci. 11, 861 (2009).
  • A. R. Chaudhuri, S. B. Krupanidhi, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, Investigation of biferroic properties in La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.3PbTiO3 epitaxial bilayered heterostructures, J. Appl. Phys. 106, (2009).
  • K. Vijayanandhini, S. Ch, V. Pralong, Y. Bréard, V. Caignaert, B. Raveau, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, C. N. R. Rao, Zero magnetization in a disordered (La(1− x)/2Bix /2)(Fe0.5Cr0.5)O3 uncompensated weak ferromagnet, J. Phys. Cond. Matter 21, 486002 (2009).
  • D. Jagadeesan, U. Mansoori, P. Mandal, A. Sundaresan, M. Eswaramoorthy, Hollow spheres to nanocups: tuning the morphology and magnetic properties of single-crystalline α-Fe2O3 nanostructures, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 7685 (2008).
  • A. R. Chaudhuri, P. Mandal, S. B. Krupanidhi, A. Sundaresan, Magnetocapacitive La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.3PbTiO3 epitaxial heterostructure, Solid State Commun. 148, 566 (2008).
  • R. V. K. Mangalam, P. Mandal, E. Suard, A. Sundaresan, Ferroelectricity in ordered perovskite BaBi0.53+(Bi0.25+Nb0.35+)O3 with Bi3+:6s2 lone pair at the B-site, Chem. Mater. 19, 4114 (2007).

Contact Details

  • E-mail id: pranab.m@srmap.edu.in