Recent News

  • Innovative Wind Turbine System Patent Awarded to Dr Goutam Rana and Team May 16, 2024

    In a significant advancement for sustainable energy technology, the Indian Patent Office Journal has officially granted a patent for the “Mini magnetically levitated wind turbine system for power generation.” This groundbreaking invention, bearing Application Number: 202241051560, is the brainchild of Dr Goutam Rana, Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering.

    Dr Rana, along with his dedicated team of B. Tech ECE students—Mr Vybagula Sai Vamsi, Mr Moparthi Teja, Mr Indrakanty Satwik, and Mr Pidikiti Venkata Abhinash have developed a system that promises to revolutionise how we harness wind energy. The turbine’s miniaturised and magnetically levitated design allows for efficient power generation with minimal mechanical friction, leading to a longer lifespan and reduced maintenance costs.
    The team’s innovation aligns with global efforts to transition to renewable energy sources and showcases the potential of academic research in contributing to real-world challenges. The patent grant not only recognises the technical ingenuity of the invention but also underscores the collaborative spirit of the students and faculty at the institution.

    Abstract:

    Due to the increasing demand and supply gap, in the electrical energy system, wind energy is coming out as an alternative form of clean-with zero-carbon footprint renewable energy sources for power generation. The same is true for hydrocarbon-based fuels whose resources are limited and the contribution of vehicular pollution is also raising concerns in every-degrading the air quality index (AQI) of Indian cities. The electric and hybrid vehicles thus emerging fast as an alternative but often being hindered by the unavailability of proper charging infrastructures on roads.

    The current invention is aimed to enable the use of wind turbines for harnessing wind energy and utilize the same to charge batteries of electrical vehicles or hybrid vehicles. The major challenges that have prevented the use so far are mainly two viz. low air flow and larger air drag. To address low airflow in normal road conditions in congested city alleys, we demonstrated the use of magnetically levitated Vertical-axis turbines instead of conventional ball-baring-based Horizontal-axis wind turbines. To reduce the air drag the use of vertical axis magnetically levitated wind turbines is a good option since the air drag experienced in the blade unit is not exactly in contact with the car body.

    To improve on the drag further we have introduced an array of mini turbine units instead of one big unit which helps in distributing the total drag over a large area and since air can pass easily through small units overall drag experienced will be small. Also, to keep the levitation small, the rotating unit is made lighter with 3D printing perforated PLA material.
    The rest of the operation of the system is similar to any wind turbine system i.e. with the help of permanent magnet and coil arrangement we will convert the wind energy (rotor movement) into electrical energy (e.m.f.). Only here instead of one single source, we will generate multiple small sources of induced electrical energy which can then be coupled together and used for charging the battery.

    Since the invention uses magnetic levitation, friction is minimal. This helps the rotor to become independent of natural wind flow and use the movement of the vehicle to generate the required torque for the rotor movement. Our invention can be installed in the rooftop space of any vehicle and since it is divided into an array of smaller units, allows the optimum use of available space of the used vehicle. Overall cost and weight are also very minimal. Here, the most practical use case can be the widespread E-rickshaws in India. The choice of the use case is based on the fact of their large presence, longer run hours, and limited speed for the runs.

    Explanation of the Invention in Layperson’s Terms:
    The invention will act as a source of energy and can be used to charge batteries of electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles. The device converts wind energy to electrical energy through mini wind turbine arrays which can be placed on top of the rooftop of the vehicles. The rotor is kept suspended from the stator unit using magnets to eliminate friction. This helps to operate the device without the presence of strong natural wind, it utilizes the movement of the vehicle to generate the necessary rotation. The mini turbine arrays and magnetic suspension help to reduce the effect of wind drag (extra wind replaced by the turbine unit).

    Practical Implementation or the Social Implications Associated
    The invention is intended to solve a few on-road challenges of Electric Vehicles (EVs). The current invention is:
    1. Low cost and one-time investment with zero maintenance charge for an EV
    2. The proposed device can act as a secondary power source for the vehicle
    3. The proposed device will convert wind energy, thus completely environment-friendly, and with comes with absolutely zero carbon footprint
    4. The proposed device can add some extra mileage to the current battery storage as much as it runs.
    5. With other renewable sources together a hybrid vehicle can be built which is free of fossil fuel completely.

    Future Research Plans:

    The current invention is in just proof of concept stage. We are currently working on the following
    1. to improve the overall efficacy of the device such that each unit can harness wind energy to its optimal potential. With this, we will try to ensure that the battery gets charged completely (or at least a significant percentage) during each run during the day.
    2. We are also working on the numerical study to calculate the actual wind drag with a more optimal design so that we can estimate how many units a certain vehicle will require and what should be the optimal placement scheme to utilize the maximum wind effect.

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  • Groundbreaking Research on Optimal Routing Protocol in IEEE Sensors Journal May 15, 2024

    In a significant academic achievement, Dr Anirban Ghosh, Assistant Professor from the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering along with Mr Naga Srinivasarao Chilamkurthy, PhD Scholar, and Mr Shaik Abdul Hakeem, an undergraduate student, have made a remarkable contribution to the field of communication engineering. Their paper, titled “Optimal Routing Protocol in LPWAN Using SWC: A Novel Reinforcement Learning Framework,” has been published in the esteemed IEEE Sensors Journal, with an impressive impact factor of 4.3.

    This publication marks a milestone for the university and highlights the innovative research being conducted by its faculty and students. The paper delves into the development of an optimal routing protocol for Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) using State-Wise Communication (SWC), employing a novel reinforcement learning framework to enhance network efficiency and performance.
    This work will pave the way for advancements in LPWAN technologies, which are crucial for the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem. The university community celebrates this achievement and looks forward to the positive impact it will have on technology and society.

    Abstract:
    Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) has emerged as a dominating communication technology that offers low-power and wide coverage for the Internet of Things (IoT) applications. However, the direct data transmission approach has a limited network lifetime. Even multi-hop data transmission experiences several difficulties including high data latency, poor bandwidth utilization, and reduced data throughput. To overcome these challenges, in this paper, a recent breakthrough in social networks known as Small-World Characteristics (SWC) is incorporated into LPWANs.

    In particular, in this work, Small-World LPWANs (SW-LPWANs) are developed by using the Reinforcement Learning (RL) technique and using different node centrality measures like degree, betweenness, and closeness centrality. Further, the performance of the developed SW-LPWANs is evaluated in terms of energy efficiency (alive/dead devices, and network residual energy) and Quality-of-Service (average data latency, data throughput, and bandwidth utilization), and is compared with that of conventional multi-hop LPWAN. Finally, to validate the simulation results, similar analyses are performed on the real-field LPWAN testbed.

    The obtained simulation results confirm that SW-LPWAN developed by the RL method performs better than other techniques, with 11% more alive devices, 5.5% higher residual energy, 2.4% improved data throughput, and 14% efficient bandwidth utilization compared to the next best method. A similar trend is observed with real-field LPWAN testbed data also.

    Explanation of the Research in Layperson’s Terms

    Social networks primarily revolve around establishing human connections, whereas LPWANs are designed for connecting IoT devices that have limited battery-driven power. In this context, the smart devices must communicate in an IoT setting to conserve the limited energy available to them. To achieve this, the concept at the core of social networking also known as small world characteristic is incorporated into LPWAN using the Q-learning technique.

    Practical Implementation or the Social Implications of the Research

    IoT applications such as remote healthcare, smart environmental monitoring, asset tracking, and smart traffic systems require low transmission delay and high network lifetime. The proposed research helps in achieving the above parameters.

    Collaborations
    Dr Om Jee Pandey, Assistant professor Department of Electronics Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, (BHU), Varanasi. e-mail: omjee.ece@iitbhu.ac.in

    Dr Linga Reddy Cenkeramaddi, Professor, Department of Information and Communication Technology, University of Agder, Norway. e-mail:linga.cenkeramaddi@uia.no

    Future Research Plan
    In the next phase of research, we will be interested in investigating how the energy efficiency and other quality of service of smart devices in an IoT setting can be improved if they are partially or completely mobile.

    Link to the Article

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  • Groundbreaking Research on Advanced Technology Nodes May 2, 2024

    Dr M Durga Prakash, Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, and his PhD scholar, Ms U Gowthami, have published a research paper titled “Performance Improvement of Spacer-engineered N-type Tree Shaped NSFET towards Advanced Technology nodes” in the Q1 journal, IEEE Access. The paper has an impact factor of 3.9 and will pave the way for significant advancements in the field.

    Here’s an abstract of their research paper

    Abstract:

    Scaling gate lengths deep is most reliable with tree-shaped Nanosheet FETS (NSFET). This paper uses TCAD simulations to study the 12nm gate length (LG) n-type Tree-shaped NSFET with a stack of high-k dielectric (HfO2) and (SiO2) spacers. The Tree-shaped NFET device features high on-current (ION) and low off-current (IOFF) with T(NS) = 5 nm, W(NS) = 25 nm, WIB=5nm, and HIB = 25 nm. Comparison of single- and dual-k spacer 3D devices and DC properties are shown. Because fringing fields with spacer dielectric prolong the effective gate length, the dual-k device has the highest ION / IOFF ratio, 109, compared to 107. This research also examines where work function, inter bridge height, breadth, gate lengths, temperature, and analog/RF and DC metrics affect the device. The suggested device has good electrical properties at 12 nm LG, with DIBL = 23 mV/V, SS = 62 mV/dec, and switching ratio (ION / IOFF) = 109. The device’s performance proves Moore’s law applies to lower technological nodes, enabling scalability.

    The link to the article- https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/10499264 DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2024.3388504

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  • Dr Pradyut and Students Revolutionise Disease Detection April 29, 2024

    In the groundbreaking research paper titled “Innovative Web Application Revolutionizing Disease Detection: Empowering Users and Ensuring Accurate Diagnoses,” Dr Pradyut Sanki, Associate Professor at the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, along with doctoral scholars Mr P N S B S V Prasad, and Mr Syed Ali Hussain and BTech students Ms Pragya Gupta and Ms Swikriti Khadke introduce a cutting-edge web application that aims to revolutionise disease detection and empower users to understand their health conditions.Their research paper published in the Journal of Electronic Materials has an impact factor of 2.1.

    Abstract:

    This paper presents an innovative enhancement aimed at revolutionizing disease detection and providing users with a reliable source of information for accurate diagnoses of their symptoms. Our open-source initiative combines a user-friendly interface design with advanced machine learning models, establishing a new benchmark for accuracy and enabling integration with even higher-performing models. We address the pervasive challenges of misinformation and misdiagnosis associated with online symptom searches, presenting a significant advancement in disease detection. Leveraging cutting-edge machine learning techniques.

    Practical and Social Implications:

    The practical implementation of our research means that people can use our smart tool to get better advice about their symptoms. This could lead to quicker and more accurate diagnoses, helping people get the right treatment sooner. Socially, our research could reduce the spread of false information online about health issues, leading to better-informed decisions and potentially improving overall public health.

    Future Research Plans:

    As a future research plan the students and faculty together plan to refine and expand their smart tool to make it even more accurate and helpful. They aim to incorporate feedback from users and collaborate with other experts to continually improve the technology. Additionally, they plan to explore ways to make the tool more accessible to a wider range of people and to address any potential biases in the data or algorithms. Overall, they are committed to advancing healthcare technology for the benefit of society.

     

    research images- Dr Pradyut Sanki

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  • Advancing Knowledge: Publication of Groundbreaking Research Paper April 26, 2024

    It is a matter of immense pleasure for the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering to announce the publication of Dr Duga Prakash, Associate Professor at SRM University-AP. His research paper titled “Analysis of GAA Junctionless NS FET towards Analog and RF Applications at 30 nm Regime”, published in IEEE Open Journal of Nanotechnology, studies how the device can be manufactured with ease and minimal doping, eliminating the need for high-temperature doping processes. The enhanced performance metrics suggest that the device’s potential for faster analog/RF switching circuits paves the way for more efficient analog and RF applications at the 30 nm scale.

    Abstract:

    A new nanosheet FET is used to generate a quantum model in this research. A Gate-all-around (GAA) Junction-less (JL) nanosheet device with a 1 nm gate dielectric of SiO2 and HfO2 performs according to the standard model. The visual TCAD tool examines ION, IOFF, ION/ IOFF, threshold voltage, DIBL, gain parameters (gm, gd, Av), gate capacitance, and cut-off frequency to evaluate the classical and quantum models of the GAA nanosheet device. Simulation results show that the device’s low gate capacitance of 10–18 makes it suitable for rapid switching applications. Device research reveals a transconductance (gm) value of 21 μS and a remarkable cut-off frequency of 9.03 GHz. Its P-type device response has also been extensively studied. Finally, the inverter model uses the proposed GAA nanosheet device. Despite having larger gate capacitance, the NSFET-based inverter offers the smallest propagation delay helps apply knowledge to real-world situations.

    Dr Durga Prakash Research Dr Durga Prakash

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