The Department of Chemistry is glad to announce that Dr Nimai Mishra, Assistant Professor, along with his research group comprising PhD scholars, Syed Akhil, Manoj Palabathuni, Subarna Biswas, Rahul Singh, have published an article titled Highly-Stable Amine-Free CsPbBr3 Perovskite Nanocrystals for Perovskite-Based Display Applications in the journal ACS Applied Nano Materials published by the American Chemical Society, having an impact factor of 6.14.
Colloidally synthesised cesium lead halide (CsPbX3; X=Cl, Br, and I) perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) often suffer from poor ambient and environmental stability conditions, limiting their practical applications. The commonly used surfactant oleylamine is converted to oleylammonium cation, which pulls out the halide anion from the PNCs surface, thus disrupting the nanocrystal’s structural integrity and stability.
The research group has developed a simple, completely amine-free colloidal synthesis with a hot injection method in open-atmospheric conditions and introduced bromooctane as a bromine precursor to overcome the above issues. These, as synthesized amine-free PNCs, showed a photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of around 60 %, and the size of PNCs is ~25 nm. Moreover, these amine-free PNCs were highly stable in the colloidal solution and thin films for more than five months in ambient conditions, with 66% of its initial PLQY.
In addition, these PNCs have shown exceptional stability under different environmental conditions, with 44 % of initial PL even after 6 hours of water treatment and 28 % of initial PL under ethanol treatment for 120 minutes. Furthermore, it has exhibited excellent photostability for 96 hours and retained 36 % of its initial PL under ceaseless UV light irradiation at 365 nm (8 W/cm2). Additionally, these PNCs have good stability upon heat treatment and maintained 34 % of initial PL upon heating up to 90 ºC.
The research team has also successfully fabricated the green-emitting down-conversion LED using these amine-free PNCs. Thus, they visualize that these amine-free CsPbBr3 PNCs are perhaps the ideal candidates for perovskite-based display applications.